Aug 2, 2009

Manhunters (1939) - First of Three Early Jack Cole True Crime Stories

Stories presented in this post:
"Master Forgers" - Story and art by Jack Cole
Top-Notch Comics #1 (Dec. 1939)

Reprint - "Master Forgers" (Manhunters)
Story and art by Jack Cole
Authentic Police Cases #5 (Oct. 1948, St. John)

Before he strirred up a sensation with his 1946 True Crime comics, and before he stretched the comics medium to make one of the great comic book superheroes (Plastic Man), Jack Cole created a handful of gritty crime stories early in his career.

Surprisingly, these noir-ish police procedurals, with their grim sense of justice and off-color details mostly appeared in comics published by MLJ, soon to be renamed for their star character ARCHIE, and mostly known today for publishing an seemingly infinite stream of wholesome comics about all-American teens.

Concurrent with his two- story CRIME ON THE RUN series in Archie's Blue Ribbon Comics (see our post here), Jack Cole created MANHUNTERS, a three-story crime series that ran in the first three issues of Archie's Top-Notch Comics

Top-Notch #1 Cover. (Not by Cole)

The first MANHUNTER story appeared in Top-Notch Comics #1 (Dec. 1939, Archie). The story presented an involved, blow-by-blow account of how police cracked a ringer of check forgers. In the story, Cole began to employ information diagrams, such as this one:

These information diagrams added to the story's realism and amped up the interest level for any curious young boy. Jack Cole would insert information diagrams into several of his 1939-41 stories, including his famous anti-hero CLAW stories.

This first MANHUNTERS story ends on a harshly vengeful scene, as one of the criminal gang faces an angry mob. In an extraordinary panel, Cole draws 21 people filled with blood-lust, encircling the criminal, as police officers strain every sinew to keep them at bay. Despite the story's straight-arrow narrative, Cole's compostion tells another story, in which the criminal becomes a victim of society's unregulated rage. In this way, "Master Forgers" prefigures some of the moralistic EC Shock SuspensStories, created over a decade later, in 1952-54.

The story opens with a stylish splash panel, a hallmark of nearly all of Jack Cole's comic book stories.

Curiously, this 1939 story was reprinted almost 10 years later, in Authentic Police Cases #5 (October 1948, St. John).

The MANHUNTERS tag was changed to the limp and less visually interesting header "Science Corners Criminals." There were no other alterations in the reprint except a better recoloring, which breathed new life into the artwork. Here is a comparison of the 1939 and 1948 versions:

The next issue of the comic, Authentic Police Cases #6 (Nov. 1948, St. John), reprinted Cole's CRIME ON THE RUN story from Blue Ribbon #1 (Nov. 1939, Archie), showing the same knack for blandness, renaming it "Crime Clean-Up."

In it's first year of publishing, St. John must have bought the rights to the Cole stories from MLJ. They fit in perfectly with the theme of the comic, which shows that Cole was a bit ahead of his time with these early crime stories.

By the time of the 1948 reprints, Jack Cole's work had become infinitely more sophisticated -- some of the best comics ever done. It must have seemed puzzling to readers at the time who were following Cole's mind-boggling PLASTIC MAN stories to see these comparitively crude, and radically different comic book stories signed by Cole, with no indication these were reprints.

St. John must have liked "Master Forgers," because they ran it a second time, two issues later, in Authentic Police Cases #7 (April, 1950)! Here, then, is the St. John version, better colored, and better printed, still proudly bearing Jack Cole's name.


  1. the connection between Archie/MLJ and St. John is Harry A Chesler, who produced both comics.

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  3. Mobocracy was a recurring theme for Cole.

    In at least two Plastic Man stories, the crowd went mad and attacked Plastic Man, stretching, biting, &c. (One of these, “Plastic Man Products”, from Plastic Man #17, May 1949, was of course recently reprinted at Pappy's Golden Age Comics Blogzine.) In a later story, “Hangman's Horror” (Web of Evil #2, Jan '52), democracy is clearly associated with mob violence.

    I read all this as pronounced distrust of the collective.

  4. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.


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